By Mahreen Ansari
According to the study of Boston Consulting Group for World Wildlife Fund (WWF),Cleaning up Baltic Sea would result in huge economical gains in whole Baltic Sea region. All countries around the Baltic Sea would make annually $44.2 billion profits by the year 2030 and half a million new jobs opportunities. In prospective of Swedish economy the consulting report commissioned by WWF suggests Sweden would make $3.98 billion profit by 2030 and 71,000 new jobs emerge in Sweden (Radio Sweden, July 14, 2014). In Baltic Sea most important industries like tourism, fishing and agriculture. Arctic Environmental minister Lena Ek in 2014 presented the report in United Nations which showed fact about connection between environment and economic growth.
Baltic Sea is severely affected with eutrophication and climate change problems. Signs are appearing earlier as the bottom of Baltic Sea is soon to be dead. One of the indicator is that blue-green algae bloom (cyanobacteria) is arriving earlier today as compared with 35 years ago. This blue-green algae can be poisonous if ingested. Stockholm University study showed that these warm weather and calm conditions provided the perfect place for algae to bloom in the sea over fertilized by run-off from the farms and industries, such as Baltic Sea.
The Helsinki Convention (HELCOM), is about governing water body to protect Baltic marine environment. The Clean Baltic Sea, first project was initiated in 2005 at St. Petersburg (Russia). And its aim to reduce annual production of more 1,000 tones of phosphorus was achieved in 2011. Most importantly the phosphorus load entering the Baltic Sea from St. Petersburg has diminished by (70%) from 2004, and reduction of almost 30% in the phosphorus load from The Gulf of Finland (HELCOM). The St. Petersburg project is one of the most significant water protection project ever carried out in the Baltic Sea in terms of environmental impact.
Eye on the Arctic (2014-07-14). ” Baltic Sea studies: Cleanup would benefit region’s economy; algal bloom arriving earlier. http://news.algaeworld.org/2014/07/baltic-sea-studies-cleanup-benefit-regions-economy-algal-blooms-arriving-earlier/